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Effects of Flood Damages

Professionals and laymen agree that a flood is a body of water covering land dry under normal circumstances. Common natural calamities include floods. Human development is always affected by flooding worldwide. Listed among the effects of flooding are they destroy premises, influence soil erosion and contaminate water for drinking. Overflowing lakes, rivers as well as seas are just but a few causes of floods across the world. Flooding is as old a human life. Notably, human beings started by settling along rivers and slowly began to civilize. This was because of the need for water by people.

Flooding also carries its good side in spite of the many negative effects. Nutrients deposited by floods every year around River Nile in Egypt by the river made the entire region fertile. This was before the floods along the said river were contained by the construction of Aswan High Dam. Although human life suffers much, floods deposit fertile soil in Bangladesh during the monsoon season. This is despite the fact that the floods kill so many people.

Floods always hit land next to rivers and water masses at yearly. Heavy rainfall in the sources of rivers makes them carry more water to the mouth. Melting of snow in the mountains where most rivers have sources is another cause for floods. Flash floods are caused by thunderstorms in many ways. The capacity of rivers becomes ten more times their usual strength. Usually, those that flow slowly carry silt, sand and water. In the process, they put up their beds. This result in them being higher than the surrounding land. Examples of such rivers are in Chicago.

Damaging effects of floods by rivers in Phoenix AZ is a product of gradual development. More land stands affected. Coastal lands in Fort Myers are not an exceptional to floods. The height of waves caused by floor tsunamis occurring on the ocean reaches 15 meters. They then flood several miles on the land from the coastline. A tsunami in the Indian claimed more than 250,000 people. Affected countries included Thailand, Sri Lanka and Indonesia among others.

Experts also point at Cyclones, hurricanes as well as tropical storms as other causes of floods. Just like in Chicago, Hurricane Katrina produced massive flooding in the entire Mississippi Delta. Fort Myers and Phoenix AZ felt too. Residents of these areas were evacuated by government agencies and other humanitarian organizations to avoid further human fatalities. Low-lying areas and countries are in a permanent danger of flooding. The Netherlands, whose major part lies below sea level, is an example. Recently, floods almost wiped Haiti out of the world map.

Actions by human beings also cause flooding. Trees and other plants are helpful in absorbing excess water. Water flows through bare land following deforestation. In turn, they cause mudslides. Actions of excess water on dams causes cracks. In fact; total breakage is the final result. Destructive floods are now being controlled through many ways. Water in Netherlands is controlled by erected dams and dykes.

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